Wednesday, August 26, 2020
A condition is a number sentence that says that the articulations on either side of the equivalents sign speak to a similar number. An articulation might be utilized to assign a worth; these can be factors, activities, or potentially works. Utilizing arithmetical articulation, there is no equivalent sign, just activities. You can rearrange an articulation not understand it. Business Ã¢â¬ General Business Week 1 Morals in Cost Control . (Exercise 1-9) Zoya Arbiser, territorial chief of Gold Medal Sports Shops, is checking on the consequences of 15 stores in her area. Head supervisors are moved every year. Each store managerÃ¢â¬â¢s pay is exceptionally subject to the immediate commitment edge of that store. For as far back as year, Store 9 has been overseen by an individual who has worked a few other gainful stores as of late and is going to be elevated to a bigger store. Zoya sees a few things that trouble her. Store 9 has basically no faculty preparing costs comparative with different stores. Store 9 has quit taking an interest in various network occasions that gave the store critical perceivability yet incurred considerable costs. Store 6, where this head supervisor worked the earlier year, has had an extreme drop in benefits because of higher working costs. The promoting financial plan was spent for the most part in the initial four months of the year, with basically nothing spent over the most recent a while. Examine a potential negative administrative situation that the territorial supervisor might be detecting. Might the administrator of Store 9 be a remarkable supervisor? What are the moral ramifications of the situation? What is the territorial managerÃ¢â¬â¢s moral obligation in this situation? Clarify and backing your positionÃ¢ with proof from the content. Your underlying post ought to be 200 to 250 words. Fixed and Variable Costs . (Section 1 DiÃ¢â¬ ¦ For downloading all the more course instructional exercises visit Ã¢â¬ https://bitly.com/1xpwOBd Defer taking part in understudy government until your second year in school. Green beans sees arenÃ¢â¬â¢t ordinarily vigorously esteemed by understudy government associations. You can utilize your first year to find out about grounds legislative issues and find what job youÃ¢â¬â¢d like to play in them. Business Ã¢â¬ General Business Week 1 Morals in Cost Control . (Exercise 1-9) Zoya Arbiser, territorial director of Gold Medal Sports Shops, is exploring the consequences of 15 stores in her locale. Head supervisors are moved every year. Each store managerÃ¢â¬â¢s salary is exceptionally subject to the immediate commitment edge of that store. For as far back as year, Store 9 has been overseen by an individual who has worked a few other productive stores lately and is going to be elevated to a bigger store. Zoya sees a few things that trouble her. Store 9 has basically no faculty preparing costs comparative with different stores. Store 9 has quit taking an interest in various network occasions that gave the store critical perceivability yet incurred considerable costs. Store 6, where this senior supervisor worked the earlier year, has had a serious drop in benefits because of higher working costs. The promoting financial plan was spent as a rule in the initial four months of the year, with basically nothing spent over the most recent a while. Examine a potential negative administrative situation that the territorial director might be detecting. Might the supervisor of Store 9 be a remarkable administrator? WhatÃ¢ are the moral ramifications of the situation? What is the local managerÃ¢â¬â¢s moral obligation in this situation? Clarify and bolster your situation with proof from the content. Your underlying post ought to be 200 to 250 words. Fixed and Variable Costs . (Section 1 Discussion Question 9(a)) Controller, Judy Koch, in an ongoing discourse stated, Ã¢â¬Å"I once in a while observe a genuine variable cost or a really fixed cost.Ã¢â¬ What did she mean? Remember for your reaction a clarification of the distinction in conduct of variable and fixed expense, including a guide to represent your clarification. Your underlying post ought to be 200 to 250 words.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Science and Religion Essay Survey the view that science has supplanted religion as the fundamental ideological impact in the public arena today? (33 imprints) It will be essential to evaluate the view that science has supplanted religion as the principle ideological impacts in the public eye today. The illumination venture could be viewed as the beginning of the discussion among religion and science as the primary ideological impact in the public arena today. As minutes in the sixteenth century had lead to the primary genuine inquiries of religion being posed. As the commitment of common sciences, for example, Biology, Chemistry and Physics developed it lead to more questions about religion. As Da Vinci acts can be viewed for instance of this, he had taken bodies from memorial parks and drew within them which was as morally wrong however useful in helping researcher asses the human body. Prompting individuals scrutinizing the sum religion had accomplished for society. Consequently demonstrating science has supplanted religion as the primary impact in the public arena today. As one humanist Popper contends that science is an open conviction framework where each scientistÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis can be misrepresented, as science can be available to analysis and tried by others. For instance if researcher contends water bubbles at 100 degrees Celsius this can be tried (distorted). Anyway with religion this is unthinkable as you can't test strict thoughts on what occurs in the afterlife. This prompts religion not being misrepresented and science administered by the hypothesis of adulteration. In this manner prompting Popper to accept science has been fruitful in clarifying and controlling the world turning into the fundamental ideological impact in the public eye today. As Kuhn contends Religion comprise on an excessive number of standards, as he accepts there ought to be one rule worldview, for example, Science. As in religion you have a wide range of strict, for example, Christianity, Islam and Judaism making it hard to have one command worldview. While science has one overwhelm worldview. As Kuhn acknowledges that standards can change for instance it was accepted the earth being level which was the overwhelm worldview anyway had changed. As religion comprise of too much, along these lines for Kuhn science has supplanted religion as the fundamental ideological impact in the public eye today. Interactionist accept a logical reality is just is a social development, it canÃ¢â¬â¢t be viewed as a logical actuality due to the contextual analysis Ã¢â¬Ëlittle green menÃ¢â¬â¢. Scientists from the Cambridge space science research facility commented on the examples demonstrated their printout from the radio telescope as LGM 1 and LGM2 which being distributed would have finished their professions. This lead to them accepting the examples was a sort of obscure stars carrying internationalist to the end that logical reality is essentially a social development. In this manner science isn't supplanting religion as both are simply social developments. Beck a late innovator accepts that science has lead to a negative effect on society, as science has caused an expansion chance in mishaps, disease and serious calamities more than ever. For instance of atomic bombs has lead to the dread of war and lost a large number of lives. Giddens like Beck accepts science has lead to a negative effect on society, for example, the downturn. As headway in innovation has lead to numerous misfortunes of employments, especially in the money related industry which is increasingly capital concentrated then previously. In this way prompting both Beck and Giddens contending science has supplanted religion as the principle ideological impact in the public eye today however adversely. Anyway BeckÃ¢â¬â¢s sees on how were confronted with danger of mishaps, ailment and serious fiascos on a regular scale can be viewed as over misrepresented. Lyotard a postmodernist accepts both science and religions are metanarratives of present day society. As a metanarrative is a Ã¢â¬Ëbig storyÃ¢â¬â¢, for example, the illumination venture, ChristianityÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective on life. As Lyotard contends that individuals no longer trust researcher, as science has lead to an opportunity of atomic war and neglect to fix malignant growth. Prompting individuals not tolerating science and postmodernist, for example, Lyotard accepting itÃ¢â¬â¢s a metanarrative with no unadulterated fact of the matter. Anyway LyotardÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis can likewise be viewed as a metanarrative in this way repudiating him-self. Consequently Lyotard accepts both science and religion is a metanarrative and furnishes society without any advantages. George Bush can be viewed as Christian fundamentalist taking care of business of the Old Testament which prompted his religion impacting his conclusions and polices on specific issues. Similar to a Christian he accepts premature birth is equivalent to murder and single sex relationships are viewed as a major sin. This may have lead to approaches made to make both of these harder to accomplish. Similar to a brought into the world again Christian while George Bush was the Governor of Texas there were 131 state executions. Consequently appearing in the United States religion is as yet the primary ideological impact in the public arena today. To finish up it is uncertain that science can be considered supplanting to be as it shifts relying upon nation and can change as increasingly sociological perspectives are presented.
Wednesday, August 19, 2020
I Challenge You As decision day draws nearer, âwhoâ questions are taking priority. âWho will get in? What happens to the people who donât? Who will I become if I get in? Who will I be, who will I become, if I donât?â First, I think itâs important to consider why people apply to MIT. My primary reason for wanting to come â" and the primary reason of everyone I have spoken to about this (both current students and friends who were rejected) â" was not the fear of being unable to succeed without MIT, but rather a hope that MIT would provide me with an extraordinary experience en route to my success. Comments like âdonât worry, youâll still succeedâ and âyouâll be great wherever you goâ are well-intentioned, but therefore miss their target, because they do not recognize where disappointment stems from. I never thought that failing to get into MIT would mean failing at life. Rather, I thought that getting in would mean having access to unique resources and unique opportunities. A close friend of mine, who was rejected, tells me that he was hurt and disappointed not because he believed he could no longer succeed, but because he lost the chance to have an MIT undergraduate experience. I want to address that particular concern (although perhaps some of you do believe that attending MIT is the only path to success, which is a topic for another post.) Ive been immersed in this place for six months. Youâre probably sick of hearing that MIT is what it is because of the people who go here, but its true: MIT is what it is because the people here create their own experience. They fill what would otherwise be a bunch of (not particularly aesthetically pleasing) buildings with energy, personality, and cool ideas. The individual creates his own experience at the Institvte: he takes advantages of the resources that are here, and creates the resources that are not. The process of making what you can from a situation doesnât require a specific setting. I would never suggest that its easy to recreate an MIT experience (whatever that even means) because I know that youd never believe me. But I will venture to challenge every one of you those who are admitted, and those who are not to concentrate on what you wanted out of an MIT experience when you applied. Hopefully, it was more than the chance to physically walk down a specific hallway, or take a specific class taught by a specific person. I trust that there were clubs you wanted to join, fields you wanted to explore, dreams you wanted to realize. Whatever it is you wanted: hold onto it as tightly as you can. The hard part in realizing those hopes comes after pi day, not before it excelling and being happy will be a challenge for those of you who attend MIT, as well as for those of you who do not. I challenge you to bring your plans and dreams with you, wherever you end up: to resist abandoning them because youâve been accepted and your life is complete, or because youâve been rejected and your life is over. To make them happen, wherever you go. You are guaranteed to meet hurdles and obstacles on the way to getting what you want out of college. Not because of where you are, but because of who you are, I challenge you to climb over them, dig through them, beat them down, and not allow yourself to be defined by the school you attend. Addition: I want to draw attention to Spencers comment, since I think its a great idea. Fellow commenters, what say you we post those dreams and plans here to make sure theyre not forgotten after pi day? Ill start: To have something of my design land on Mars. Id love to hear them.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Eating disorders are serious disorders that have a negative impact on both the psychological and the physiological well-being of the afflicted (Welch, Ghader, Swenne, 2015). Studies concerning eating disorders are showing more and more frequency in younger age groups and especially in those who are athletes, diabetics, and obese adolescents (Martin Golden, 2014). This tells us that symptoms of eating disorders can be caught and treated during adolescence. Today, many schools have very little class time dedicated to educating students about healthy lifestyles. Little, to no information is given about what eating disorders are or how to avoid the development of one. If information is provided about the prevention of eating disorders, it is usually in the form of a video or discussed briefly in a textbook. Schools are not doing enough in the fight against the development of eating disorders. Many studies have shed some light on the issue of eating disorders by conducting survey s and developing new programs to use in schools. The primary prevention of eating and body image problems among young people, and in particular, adolescents, is emerging as one of the most desirable achievements in contemporary health and nutrition (O Dea J. , 2000). Primary prevention programs, and better education in general, for the prevention of eating disorders and promotion of healthy lifestyles needs to be established in schools. The purpose of this paper is to propose more educationShow MoreRelatedEating Disorders Are A Serious Health Problem1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOften, the desire to become thin becomes an obsession. PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession over their appearance has led to a growing number of eating disorders. Eating disorders are a serious health problem. Personal Counseling Resources says that eating disorders Ã¢â¬Å"are characterized by a focus on body shape, weight, fat, food, and perfectionism and by feelings of powerlessness and low self-esteem.Ã¢â¬ Addit ionally, the media imparts a great deal of thinness on television, the Internet, and magazines that are viewedRead MoreAnorexia Nervosa Is A Serious Eating Disorder1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesunattainable. Anorexia Nervosa is a serious eating disorder that affects both women and men of different ages. Anorexia Nervosa can be understood and defined when Ã¢â¬Å"Patients weigh at least 15 percent less than the normal healthy weight expected for their height. People with anorexia nervosa donÃ¢â¬â¢t maintain a normal weight because they refuse to eat enough, often exercise obsessively and sometimes force themselves to vomit or use laxatives to lose weightÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"What are Eating Disorders,Ã¢â¬ 2015). In Susan BordoÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEating Disorders Are A Serious Health Problem Essay2138 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesEating disorders are a very serious health problem. People with eating disorders are addicted to food, just like the people who are addicted to drugs and medications. People with eating disorders us food to numb the pain. Ã¢â¬Å"They are dangerous illnesses that cause mental and physical suffering and may have long life consequences.Ã¢â¬ (Allman 2010 page 6) People with eating disorders cannot use food as a source of energy or nutrition. Their ability to connect hunger and fullness with the meals is disruptedRead MoreEating Disorders : A Serious Medical Condition1844 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesEating disorders are a serious medical condition that have the potential to be life-threatening. There are three main types of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Although eating disorders affect both genders, rates are two and a half times great er among women and girls than among men and boys and existing research has found that an interaction of factors (genetic, biological, psychological, and social) can cause eating disorders, although the specificRead MoreEating Disorders Are A Serious Issue People Face914 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEating Disorders Eating disorders are a serious issue people face in our society. A study put on the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, Involved 9,282 individuals. In this study, they resulted in 0.9% of women and 0.3% of men are suffering from anorexia nervosa,1.5% of women and 0.5%of men are suffering from bulimia, and 3.5% of women and 2.0% of men are suffering from binge eating. Anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating all differentiate but are detrimental to bodily functions. In which caseRead MoreEating Disorders Are Serious Emotional And Physical Problems1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Eating disorders plague the lives of many people mentally and physically. Eating disorders are very common in the United States. More than eight million American men and women including children and adults suffer from eating disorders. There is more than one type of eating disorder. The following eating disorders are the most common ones found in the United States and other countries worldwide: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating disorder. There are many factors that contribute toRead MoreEating Disorders Are Serious Mental Illnesses That Are Not A Choice1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEating disorders are serious mental illnesses that are not a choice. Eating disorders can affect people of any age and are characterized by concerns with body weight and irregular eating habits. There are many different kinds of eating disorders, but the cause of them is not completely known. The symptoms of eating disorders include obsession with food, appearance, and weight. There are ways to cope with and treat eating disorders with the help of a therapist that is specially trained in eating disordersRead MoreEating Disorders Are Serious Emotional And Physical Problems1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEating disorders plagues the lives of many people mentally and physically. Eating Disorders are very common in the United States. More than eight million American men and women including children and adults suffer from eating disorders. There is more than one type of eating disorder. The following eating disorders are the most common ones found in the United States and other countries worldwide: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating disorder. There are many factors that contributesRead MoreBulimia Nervosa Is A Serious, Life Threatening Eating Disorder1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBulimia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa is a serious, life threatening eating disorder. Bulimia has a many symptoms but some of the primary ones are: intake of large amounts of food followed by a sense of loss of control over eating behavior. Bulimics make their selves throw up, fast, and become obsessive to exercise at all times. People with bulimia have an extreme concern with their weight, and body shape. Research has shown that people with bulimia have a chemical imbalance in the brain that affects theirRead MoreAnorexia Nervosa Is A Serious, Life Threatening Eating Disorder Essay1707 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAnorexia nervosa is a serious, life-threatening eating disorder. Typically this disorder is diagnosed in young females and women, although males can be diagnosed with anorexia as well. Those with anorexia tend to have very low self-esteem because of their perceived body image. These individuals have a unhealthy fear of becoming Ã¢â¬Å"fat.Ã¢â¬ They will often avoid eating certain foods/food groups (carbohydrates, sugars, etc.) and will hardly come close to consuming the recommen ded daily amount of calorie
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Ashley Agunbiade Clinical Psychology Rough Draft My academic, personal, and job experiences have propelled me to pursue a MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree in Clinical Psychology. Through joining the Minority Biomedical Research Support- Research Initiative for Scientific Enhancement (MBRS-RISE) program, taking psychology courses, and working as a behavioral interventionist, I have acquired work and research experience needed to pursue a graduate degree. My immediate goal is to pursue a MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in clinical psychology with emphasis on the adolescent population. My future goal is to obtain a Doctorate of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology, work in academia and eventually conduct research. I intend to improve the quality of life of individuals with mental disabilities by dispelling the stigma within this population, and promoting early identification and effective treatment. It is my desire to work with a group of like minded individuals, mentors, and faculty to achieve the common goal of improving the quality of life of the peopl e within our communities. My interest in clinical psychology developed when I discovered, through research, the disparities in health attainment within ethnic minority populations. According to the U.S. Surgeon GeneralÃ¢â¬â¢s Report, African-Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans and Latinos received lower quality mental health care on average than whites. Research suggests that there are still significant barriers to mental health services today such as;Show MoreRelatedGraduate Programs Comparison1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesProgram Name: Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology 1 List the admission requirements for graduate studies in psychology. Universitys minimum requirements: i. All applicants are expected to submit a statement of purpose. ii. Admission is for Fall Quarter only and on a full-time basis only. iii. Applications must be complete and received by the department by the deadline to be considered. iv. Interviews (in person or by phone) are required for Behavioral Neuroscience, Clinical, Cognitive, DevelopmentalRead MoreThe Secret Language Of Clinical Psychology972 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Secret Language of Clinical Psychologists. The article, Women Entering Clinical Psychology: Q-Sort Narratives of Career Attraction of Female Clinical Psychology Trainees in the UK was published on September nineteenth, 2011 by Martyn Baker and Jen Nash. This article discusses about a vast amount of women in the UK are attracted to the clinical psychology workforce. This article is on a study that tests how the women are attracted to clinical psychology through the use of five narratives of attractionRead MoreLegal Issues Associated With Clinical Psychology842 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages1. What are at least two legal issues associated with clinical psychology? What impact do these issues have on the field of clinical psychology? Psychological testing in the workplace is a legal issue that is associated with clinical psychology. The information gathered from psychological testing can be used against the candidate. Confidentiality issues are in conflict when the legal requirements of a court contradict the Ethics Code of the APA (Plante, 2005). As a result, the candidate can sueRead MoreHow The Degree Program Can Facilitate Your Academic And Professional Objectives937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPlease provide a statement of purpose and explain how the degree program to which you are applying will facilitate your academic and professional objectives. Acceptance into Baylor UniversityÃ¢â¬â¢s Clinical Psychology Program will provide me with coveted academic and professional experiences, further equipping me with the knowledge and skills needed to attain my professional goals of working as a clinical psychologist and educator once I successfully complete BaylorÃ¢â¬â¢s Clinical Psychology Program. Read MoreThe Vision For My Professional Work After Graduation Essay1636 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrequired to have a Master of Arts as clinical psychologist (MA.) Or the Master in Social Work (MSW.) The MA. will allow me to acquire the license to practice as a counselor. It could be either the License professional counselor (LPC) or License Psychological Associate (LPA). With the MSW. I will be able to practice my profession with the License of Clinical Social Work. For the work that I want to do, there are more advance degrees such as the PhD. in Clinical Psychology or the PhD. in Social Work. I believeRead MoreA Career in Medical Psychology1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Psychology is usually a really enormous subject matter. They are a lot of numerous career fields of therapy. Therapy being a scholarly analyze with the brain as well as actions goes towards Historic Greeks. There is also proof of subconscious believed within ancient Egypt. Psychology seemed to be the branch of philosophy until the 1870s, whenever the idea created just as one separate medical discipline. Psychology edges with a few other career fields as well as physiologyRead MoreThe Effects Of Abnormal Behavior On The Context Of Psychology1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesabnormal psychology: Ã¢â¬Å"Abnormal psychology includes such characteristics as statistical infrequently, violation of [societal] norms, personal distress, disability or dysfunction, and unexpectednessÃ¢â¬ (Davidson and Neale, 2). In my view, the definition of abnormal behaviour in the context of psychology has three parts. First, there must be an observable manifestation of abnormality. You must be able to observe the Ã¢â¬Å"disturbance in an individual cognition, emotion regulation, or behaviour (A clinical definitionRead MoreA Research Study On Forensic Psychology871 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThrough the submission of my statement I am willing to share my personal abilities, declare my academic competence and provide motives and causes which led me to pursue a Postgraduate degree in the field of Forensic Psychology. Obtaining a PsyD in Forensic Psychology will not only provide me with more specific knowledge and research opportunities at the graduate level, but it will serve as a foundation for a career in Psychology. The reason which led me to apply for a DForPsy degree in NottinghamRead MoreStudying Human Behavior : How It Impacts Decision Making, And Vice Versa987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesproblems from a policy standpoint, with the goal of creating large-scale solutions. However, during the course of my studies, two experiences shifted my focus away from human emotions, behavior and problems in the political and policy arena toward clinical psychology. In one of my social policy practice courses, I contributed to creating a peer-education program to combat sexual assault. My classmates and I applied this program to campus sorority, engaging in an hour-long dialogue with them. As I listenedRead MoreHistory of Psychological Assessment Paper1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAssessment Paper Natalie Maxwell University of Phoenix Dr. Alex Nagurney October 25, 2010 History of Psychological Assessment What is psychological assessment? Psychological assessment is considered one of the most important functions in applied psychology. In psychological assessment, the practitioner uses observation, interviews, and psychological tests to gain information about the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s personality characteristics, symptoms, and problems in order to arrive at practical decisions about their
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The book Crime and Punishment and its author, Fyodor Dostoevsky, both came many years before their time. In the book, Dostoevsky clearly describes the medical disorders we now know today as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dissociative identity disorder which is also known as multiple personality disorder. The book was first published in 1866, however, schizophrenia was first described officially in 1887 by Dr. We will write a custom essay sample on Dostoevsky: Psychiatric Genius? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Emile Kraepelin and not given the name Ã¢â¬Å"schizophreniaÃ¢â¬ until Eugene Bleuler coined the term in 1911 (The History of Schizophrenia). And it was not until the late 19th and early 20th century that Pierre Janet coined the term dissociative identity (Pendergrast). Bipolar Disorder was also a relatively new disorder being that it was officially described in 1854 (Ã¢â¬Å"A Brief History of Bipolar DisorderÃ¢â¬ ). The character of Raskolnikov is a good example of these three disorders because of the way he acts towards others or towards himself and then suddenly has a change of feelings or mindset. Schizophrenia is defined as a common type of psychosis, characterized by abnormalities in perception, content of thought, and thought processes (hallucinations and delusions) and by extensive withdrawal of interest from other people and the outside world, with excessive focusing on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own mental life (WebMD LLC). In the beginning of the book, the narrator talks about how Raskolnikov has Ã¢â¬Å"become so completely absorbed in himself, and isolated from his fellows that he dreaded meeting, not only his landlady, but anyone at allÃ¢â¬ (Dostoevsky 1). This is the first sign of schizophrenia that Dostoevsky shows in Raskolnikov, it is obvious that Raskolnikov has become isolated and does not want to be around any other people. Next, RaskolnikovÃ¢â¬â¢s illness is almost completely caused by his hallucinations, delusions, and dreams. This is seen in part two, chapter one after Raskolnikov has committed the murders Ã¢â¬Å"He sat down on the sofa in exhaustion and was at once shaken by another unbearable fit of shiveringÃ¢â¬ ¦he covered himself up with his winter coat and once more sank into drowsiness and delirium. Ã¢â¬ (92). This is also seen in chapter three after he returns to his room and has a dream about his landlady being beaten, Ã¢â¬Å"He was not completely unconscious, however, all the time he was ill; he was in a feverish state, sometimes delirious, sometimes half conscious. Ã¢â¬ (120). Raskolnikov continues to focus on his own mental state throughout the novel and he does not truly become well until the end of the story when he confesses, suffers, and becomes educated. Raskolnikov also has many symptoms of dissociative identity disorder, which is defined as a severe form of dissociation, a mental process, which produces a lack of connection in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity. Dissociative identity disorder is thought to stem from trauma experienced by the person with the disorder (WebMD LLC). RaskolnikovÃ¢â¬â¢s condition has obviously stemmed from the trauma Raskolnikov experienced after having committed the murders which is a major sign of dissociative identity disorder, and there are instances where Raskolnikov will do something and immediately completely regret his decision such as when he gives money to Marmeladov and then wants to go up to the room to take his money back Ã¢â¬Å"Raskolnikov had time to put his hand into his pocket, to snatch up the coppers he had received in exchange for his rouble in the tavern and to lay them unnoticed on the window. Afterwards, on the stairs he changed his mind and would have gone backÃ¢â¬ (Dostoevsky 26-27). Rakolnikov also has a form of dissociation because he gets into moods when he is thinking about certain things but disregarding other important details such as closing the door at the pawnbrokerÃ¢â¬â¢s, locking his own door the night of the murder, and checking his clothes for blood. A third disorder that Dostoevsky describes through the character of Raskolnikov is bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a major affective disorder, or mood disorder, characterized by dramatic mood swings. Bipolar disorder is a serious condition, when mania causes sleeplessness, sometimes for days, along with hallucinations, psychosis, grandiose delusions, and/or paranoid rage (WebMD LLC). Raskolnikov has many mood swings throughout the story. One of the first examples is when he is debating whether he should go talk to his friend Razumikhin, he changes his mind several times and then decides not to see him. Raskolnikov also switches moods about his Ã¢â¬Å"actÃ¢â¬ that he is planning to commit which we come to know is the murder of Alonya Ivanova. He switches his decision several times and finally commits to killing her when he finds out that she will be alone at seven oÃ¢â¬â¢ clock, Ã¢â¬Å"he felt suddenly in his whole being that he had no more freedom of thought, no will, and that everything was suddenly and irrevocable decidedÃ¢â¬ (Dostoevsky 65). We also know that Raskolnikov suffered from hallucinations, delusions, and paranoid rage that he used to kill Alonya. These hallucinations included the dream of the horse getting beaten, the dream that his landlady was being beaten, and the nightmare when Raskolnikov is trying to kill the pawnbroker but she does not die, she only laughs. Dostoevsky helped to pave the way for other doctors and scientists to discover all of the symptoms of these mental illnesses we now know as schizophrenia, dissociative identity disorder, and bipolar disorder. This shows how much Dostoevsky knew about human nature. He was able to pick out tendencies that many mentally ill people have. Not only did he describe these three, he also described alcoholism very accurately by using the character Marmeladov to show that alcoholism only leads to suffering and the more one continues to drink, the more suffering they endure, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Å"the more I drink, the more I feel it. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why I drink too. I try to find sympathy and feeling in drinkÃ¢â¬ ¦. I drink so that I may suffer twice as much! Ã¢â¬ And as though in despair he laid his head down on the tableÃ¢â¬ (14). Dostoevsky was a very extraordinary man and he gave mankind many contributions. Psychology was an important part of Crime and Punishment, but it is also clear that Dostoevsky is a very intelligent writer and incorporates many different themes into his works. ? Works Cited Ã¢â¬Å"A Brief History of Bipolar Disorder. Ã¢â¬ TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Caregiver. 2009. http://www. caregiver. com/channels/bipolar/articles/brief_history. htm. Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Crime and Punishment. Ed. Bantam Classic Reissue. New York: Bantam Dell, 2003. Ã¢â¬Å"The History of Schizophrenia. Ã¢â¬ Schizophrenia. com. 2004. http://www. schizophrenia. com/history. htm . Pendergrast, Mark. Victims of Memory. Upper Access Books, 1996. Ã¢â¬Å"Schizophrenia. Ã¢â¬ Dictionary. com. 2009. http://dictionary. reference. com/browse/schizophrenia. WebMD LLC. Ã¢â¬Å"Bipolar Disorder. Ã¢â¬ WebMD. 2009. http://www. webmd. com/depression/guide/bipolar-disorder-manic-depression. WebMD LLC. Ã¢â¬Å"Dissociative Identity Disorder. Ã¢â¬ WebMD. 2009. http://www. webmd. com/mental-health/dissociative-identity-disorder-multiple-personality-disorder. WebMD LLC. Ã¢â¬Å"Medical Dictionary: Schizophrenia. Ã¢â¬ WebMD. 2009. http://dictionary. webmd. com/terms/schizophrenia. How to cite Dostoevsky: Psychiatric Genius?, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about interpersonal relationship with a friend or a relative. Answer: Introduction People live in a society, in which multiple relationships take birth and create a chain of relationships. We call it interpersonal relationship. Interpersonal relationship with a friend or a relative Interpersonal relationship is both an individuals and the societys need. (Berscheid 79-129) said that at first, we bond with another people and then get into other relationships too. They added that relationship between two people is dyad, between three is triad, and among more than three forms a social group. Out of this age-old process of human bonding, the social structure emerges. If we look at the other entities of nature, we would experience the same. Can a tree live on its own without spreading its branches? Can there be only one star or one planet in the universe? The answer is a big no. Similarly, the humans share their relationships with other humans and form different groups. (Jackson-Dwyer) explained that wherever we live or we spend time within a social structure, we indulge into relationships. We have parents, family relatives in our residents. We become friends of other people and find new friends in schools, colleges, universities and workplaces. However, the base of all these interpersonal relations is emotional attachments that grow out of love, care and solidarity. As discussed by (Kreppner and Lerner), in other cases, similar intellectual understanding may be the basis of the relationships, although, this also includes in it love and care. (Loughlin) opined that to extend it further, even social groups and nations develop interpersonal relationships with one another. I will highlight how it is different to be in a relationship with a friend and with a family. Often the distinction blurs because a friend becomes more like a family member and a relative becomes a true friend with whom we can share and express our true emotions. People of same generations such as brothers and sisters become our dear friends and we share the same relation with them as with our school or college friends. Similarly, we involve some of our school and college friends into our family occasions and gradually they become a part of our families. Suppose, my brother is getting married and my whole family including my mother is busy doing the works. In spite of having a great bonding with my brother, I will need someone at this moment whom I shall share my choice of dress and jewelry for the wedding. My college friend who understands me well and cares for me will help me out. Nobody but she will be only person I need that time. Moreover, if my family members accept her she bec omes a part of my family. Conclusion Surely, humans crave for relationships. They love and get loved, share emotions and try to live in harmony through multiple interpersonal relationships. This essay has outlined the process to some extent. Reference Berscheid, Ellen. "Interpersonal Relationships". Annual Review of Psychology 45.1 (1994): 79-129. Web. Jackson-Dwyer, Diana. Interpersonal Relationships. London: Routledge, 2000. Print. Kreppner, Kurt and Richard M Lerner. Family Systems And Life-Span Development. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates, 1989. Print. Loughlin, Aisling. "Relationship Status And Its Effect On Interpersonal Relationships, Self-Identity And Life Satisfaction". Dublin Business School (2014): n. pag. Web. 11 Sept. 2016.
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
The advertisement, Ã¢â¬Å"SAVE WATER, SAVE LIFEÃ¢â¬ , is comprised of a dripping water tap connected to a quarter-filled, oval-shaped fish bowl. Within the fish bowl, an orange fish nervously stares at the dripping water tap. The color scheme of the ad is a combination of light and dark greys, yet the orange fish disrupts the color scheme which makes the fish the focal point of the ad.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Simple Illustrations Yield Powerful Messages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The fish bowl with the dripping tap only covers about one-third of the ad, and the remaining portion of the ad is filled with grey which makes the advertisement very simple, but the simplicity of the illustration bears a powerful message. The advertisement, Ã¢â¬Å"SAVE WATER, SAVE LIFEÃ¢â¬ , makes an attempt to persuade a diverse audience to conserve water. In my opinion, the ad successfully persuades a broad audience b ecause the subject matter and techniques used in the ad allow the audience identify with the message. Specifically, the contrast of color, the usage of the fish, and the shape of the tank are the tools that effectively persuade audience into identifying with the message of the ad. The following will illustrate how the tools in the advertisement are effective in conveying the message of the ad. One of the aspects of the advertisement that accentuates the message is the contrast of color. The ad consists of varying shades of gray in the background and the orange color of the fish in the foreground. In my opinion, the author chose shades of gray in the background in order to draw attention to the fish which is the subject matter of the ad. Personally, when I saw the ad my eyes went straight to the orange fish because of the gray background. If there were more colors used in the ad, they would draw attention away from the fish, thus, distracting the audience from the message. Using simp le color schemes in the background of the advertisement also accentuates the severity of the topic (Bedan 7). The grays in the background create a somber feeling in the audience because gray is a color that represents serious subject matter. The somber feeling of the audience allows them to realize the severity of the topic being discussed in the ad. Although the color scheme of the advertisement was simple, the simple colors enhanced the message of water conservation for the audience. The advertisement appeals to a varied audience because of the indirect human appeal (Langford 42) created by the manner of the orange fish. The orange fish is humanized by the panic expressed by the stare of the fish at the dripping water tap because all humans have felt panic which allows for a varied audience to identify with the plight of the orange fish.Advertising Looking for essay on advertising? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The orange fish also appeals to a varied audience because the fish does not represent a particular type of person. No race, gender, age, or career is specified in the ad because of the orange fish being the subject matter. Since no particular division of people is targeted, the ad can reach out to a variety of people. A farmer or a lawyer will be compelled to conserve water due to the ad not singling out a particular group of people. Overall, the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s usage of the clever usage of the orange fish draws a diverse audience because the manner of the fish humanizes the fish and the subject matter of the fish allows different groups of people to identify with the fish which helps to effectively convey the message of the ad. Another way the author conveys the message of water conservation to a diverse audience is through the usage of a round fish bowl as the habitat of the orange fish. A broad audience can identify with the habitat of the orange fish because the fish bowl is round like ear thly habitat of the audience. The constant dripping of water out of the fish bowl that is already a quarter-full can be compared to the wastage of water on earth as a whole which amplifies the message of water conservation in the ad. No matter what walk of life a member from the audience may come from, all of the audience share earth as their home, and in some way identify with water being an important natural resource. The tank only being a quarter-full also amplifies the message of the ad because the little water in the tank illustrates how severe the water situation is on earth. If the tank were to be almost full, the audience would not feel the urgency and severity of the message. The previous information illustrates how the shape of the tank allows the audience to identify with the message of the ad. Ultimately, the techniques mentioned above come together to bring an important issue to a diverse group of people by using what the audience has in common with one another. The gra y color scheme in the background allow for the focus (Bedan 4) to be on the orange fish in the bowl. The panic in the fish illustrated by the stare at the dripping tap humanizes the fish and allows a diverse group to identify with the manner of the fish because all humans can identify with the feeling of panic, and the fish does not target a particular race or gender.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Simple Illustrations Yield Powerful Messages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The shape of the fish bowl allows for a diverse audience to identify because the bowl is very similar to earth. The author uses the techniques mentioned to make the audience identify with the ad which makes conveying the message of water conservation more effective because the audience can apply the aspects to the ad to their individual lives. Works Cited Berdan, Robert. (2004). Composition and the elements of visual design. Photo Compositi on Articles, 20 January, 2004. Web. Langford, Michael. The Master Guide to Photography. New York: Dorling Kindersley Limited, 1982. Print. This essay on Simple Illustrations Yield Powerful Messages was written and submitted by user Julieta Pollard to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
DNA and The Double Helix essays In The Double Helix, a reader can find James D. Watson's first-hand accounts of the competitive race in science that led to the discovery of the structure of the DNA molecule. The DNA research Watson and his colleagues took part in demanded knowledge in many areas of expertise, but the most critical area was that of X-ray analysis. By creating photographic two-dimensional pictures of the three dimensional DNA molecule, Watson and his team were able to analyze these pictures and determine that DNA is actually shaped as a double helix structure. This discovery proved to be a true scientific breakthrough, ultimately winning Watson a Nobel prize in 1962. The title "The Double Helix" refers to the complex structure of DNA, however, the book is not a technical work. The book functions as a scientist's journal about a part of his life and work leading up to his greatest achievement and its impact. Watson's story starts from the fall of 1951 when he arrives at the Cavendish Laboratory of Cambridge University, and ends with the publication proposing a brilliant new structure for DNA in April of 1953. Watson originally begins working with a group studying the three-dimensional structure of proteins. Then slowly he and Crick team up to investigate the structure of DNA. Two scholars from Oxford, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosy Franklin, as well as Linus Pauling from the United States, were all independently studying DNA structure. Toward the end of the story, the book turns into a competitive race to find the true structure of the mysterious molecule. Each scientist knows that there are phosphates, sugars, and bases involved and there are fou r types of nucleotides. The scientists also suspect that the molecule is in some sort of helix formation. Watson and his team are most motivated by the fact that renowned chemist Linus Pauling is also attempting the problem. Watson and Crick have the upper hand, however, since they have the work of Rosalind...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Water Safety and Its Guidelines - Essay Example According to the recent statistical information of the United States of America, it has come under observation that there are several reasons and grounds for the accidental and unintentional deaths in the U.S. and amongst them drowning or submerging in water is one of the crucial, major, and substantial causes. The contemporary data also presents the evidence that the proportion of human life loss and injury due to drowning comes in the ranking chart as a principal and leading cause. This trend has come under surveillance particularly amongst the young children of less than fifteen years in age (Barraclough, 2007). Therefore, it becomes an important factor and aspect to educate the visitors and the general populace about water safety. One of the most effective ways of spreading and promoting the theme and moral of water safety is the commencement of projects and programs on the community level. The community-based programs come under functioning and demonstration in parks, health fai rs, classrooms, and many other places (Pancella, 2005). These projects and community programs are even in alliance and joint ventures with companies on a district or provincial level. Such programs play a vital and imperative role in creating awareness, familiarity, learning, and education on water safety for the entire community. It not only benefits the denizens of the community, rather, it also facilitates the local businesses, as well as they, do get the opportunity to market them and create their brand name (Barraclough, 2007). As the programs and projects are held in association and affiliation with the local coast guard companies, it helps in better understanding the local culture, customs, way of living and their perceptions about the residents of that place, and alleviates and eradicates the cultural barriers (Pancella, 2005). The projects and programs involve activities and online games for the children and the people that include Ã¢â¬Ëlife jacket loaner programÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëfloatation citationsÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëdemonstration of water safety practicesÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ësafe boatingÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëwater safety adventuresÃ¢â¬â¢ and many more (Pancella, 2005). Other means of fun, entertainment and educational activities that emphasize and highlight the significance of water safety incorporate contests and endow with rewards or gifts, posters, coloring books, t-shirts, coupons and discounts, and many others (Barraclough, 2007). Programs and projects commenced at health fairs prove and authenticate to be an influential, dominant, and persuading factor in the learning of water safety tips and guidelines. As people are always concerned about their health, therefore the ratio of people visiting the health fairs tends to be relatively high. In addition, the health-fairs underline and focus on entertainment activities and promote the learning process with real-life examples, rather than just providing the written piece of information in the form of long h andouts; therefore, they attract and motivate the young people to be a part of it (Pancella, 2005).Ã
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Choose a topic - Research Paper Example To achieve that, it is enough, and yet necessary to have a database and a geographic base, for example a map, and the GIS is capable of presenting a colored map that allows the visualization of the spatial pattern of the phenomenon . In the modern industrialized world, people of all ages are very mobile. Children commute between home and school or day care, and the working population commutes between home and work almost every day. A considerable proportion of the population move from one region to another within the municipality or country, or from one country to another, every occasionally (Waters, 2004) . Therefore, people expose themselves to different risk factors in different locations, and the relationship between catching a disease and the potential environmental risk factor is difficult to prove reliably. Thus, all the exposures and risks experienced earlier in life may become associated on maps with an inaccurate geographical location and may easily lead to erroneous conclu sions and etiological hypotheses without individual-level information of the exposure history (Lees, 2006). Individual-level follow-up studies lie needed to gain information of the measurement of real exposure, but are, in many cases, laborious and costly. However, it would be fascinating to carry out analyses with a spatio-epidemiological model, which would stand more based on individual-level data than coarse spatial data. These individual-level data can lie gathered, for example, by questionnaires or by using modern GPS and GIS technologies. Such a database can function as an individual-level spatial exposure history and undoubtedly strengthen the spatial analyses aimed at search for the causality of the disease (Morra, 2006). While basic spatial analysis involves some spatial queries and attribute queries complicated analysis typically, require a series of GIS operations including multiple attribute and alteration of original data, spatial queries, and generation of new data set s. The methods for organizing and structuring such operations are a major concern in spatial analysis. An efficient and effective spatial analysis is one in which the best available methods are appropriately employed for different types of spatial queries, attribute queries, and data alteration. The design of the analysis however, depends on the purpose of study (Boots, 2000). Many food activists consider access to healthy food a basic human right, and insist that policies that affect our food system should stand enacted accordingly to ensure that everyone has access to healthy food. This is a complex issue, which involves many different players but it is generally more of a concern for lower income groups because they have limited resources and mobility. There have been numerous methods used to identify and analyze food access (Waters, 2004). Mapping patterns of access to food stores using GIS technology is becoming more prevalent and increasingly effective. This technology allows users to identify areas of low food access depending on specific criteria and enables the possibility for detailed spatial analysis. Conversely, GIS technology and spatial data are not readily accessible to everyone. Community organizations are often the most concerned about food access for local residents but they lie especially limited by their capacity to utilize GIS technology. This paper explores
Monday, January 27, 2020
Media Representation Of Gender And Body Image It is estimated that we are exposed to over 3,000 advertisements every day. This makes advertisements a very powerful educational force in society. It can be seen that advertisements sell more than just products. They sell values, images and concepts, love and sexuality, and popularity and normalcy. They ultimately tell us who we are and what we should strive to be. Men, women, teens, boys, and girls all identify people by how they look, to body size and shape, to clothes, as well as hairstyles. Therefore, the way we view our body and image can have a large impact on the way we feel about ourselves. For the most people, especially with adolescents, body image is strongly influenced by mass media and advertising. When looking into advertising within media representation and self body image one can see how powerful of an outlet advertising can be in our current society (Advertising: Its everywhere, 2010). Advertisers emphasize body image and the importance of physical attractiveness in order to sell products. They hope to persuade society that something needs to be added or fixed, because what we have is either not enough or good enough to meet the high demands that society puts on satisfaction. Womens magazines are full of articles convincing women that if they can just lose those a little more weight, then they can have the perfect marriage, loving children, great sex, and a rewarding career. The standard of beauty that is imposed on women is difficult to achieve and maintain and therefore, the cosmetic and diet product industries are sure to profit and grow off the high beauty standard. It is no surprise that youth is increasingly promoted, along with thinness, as an essential criterion of beauty in todays society. Aging is looked at in the media as an issue that needs to be dealt with and ultimately stopped all together (Gerber, 2010). Adolescents are the main target for most media outlets because they are particularly vulnerable and inexperienced consumers. They are still learning their values and roles and developing their self-concepts. Most adolescents are sensitive to peer pressure and find it difficult to resist (Kilbourne, 1999, p.129). This constant exposure to negative body image advertisements may influence individuals to become self-conscious about their bodies and to obsess over their physical appearance. The beauty industry is an extremely large industry that profits off the negative self-esteem and body image of many women in todays society. Women who are insecure about their bodies are more likely to buy beauty products, new clothes, and diet aids. It is estimated that the diet industry alone is worth anywhere between 40 toÃ 100 billion dollars a year selling temporary weight loss products (Cummings, 2005). On the other hand, research indicates that exposure to images of thin, young, air-brushed female bodies is linked to depression, loss of self-esteem and the development of unhealthy eating habits in women and girls. The American research group Anorexia Nervosa Related Eating Disorders, Inc. says that one out of every four college-aged women uses unhealthy methods of weight control, such as fasting, skipping meals, excessive exercise, laxative abuse, and self-induced vomiting (National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders, 2010) . The Canadian Womens Health Network warns that weight control measures are now being taken by girls as young as 5 and 6 years old (The Canadian Womens Health Network, 2005).Ã Another study conducted by Marika Tiggemann and Levina Clark in 2006 titled Appearance Culture in Nine- to 12-Year-Old Girls: Media and Peer Influences on Body Dissatisfaction, notes that nearly half of all preadolescent girls wish to be thinner and as a result, they have engaged in a diet or are aware of the concept of dieting (Clark, 2006).Ã Ã In 2003, Teen magazine reported that 35 percent of girls 6 to 12 years old have been on at least one diet, and that fifty to se venty percent of normal weight girls believe they are overweight (Gibbons, 2003).Overall research indicates that ninety percent of women are dissatisfied with their appearance in some way (The Canadian Womens Health Network, 2005). Media activist Jean Kilbourne concludes that, Women are sold to the diet industry by the magazines we read and the television programs we watch, almost all of which make us feel anxious about our weight (Kilbourne, 1999, p. 47). Many of the media images of female beauty are unattainable a majority of women. The media continues to set unrealistic standards for what body size and appearance is considered normal. If you look through any magazine or turn on the television, you would see collarbones, hipbones, cheekbones and rib cages as the overall trend in Hollywood. Celebrities like Mary-Kate Olsen and Nicole Richie, both of whom have been reported to have eating disorders, can be seen in designer clothing with designer handbags and gorgeous men along with them. This is the model of success for many adolescent girls. Most of these girls look up to and admire these celebrities and are therefore taught at a young age that Barbie is how a woman is supposed to look; tall, blonde, big breasts, and extremely thin. Barbie in reality is so thin that her weight and body proportions are not only unattainable, but also unhealthy (Gerber, 2010).. Researchers have generated a computer model with Barbie-doll proportions and have found that her back would be too weak to support the weight of her upper body, and would be too narrow to contain more than half a liver and a few centimeters of bowel. AÃ real woman built that way would suffer from chronic diarrhea and eventually die from malnutrition. Jill Barad president of Mattel, the manufacturer of Barbie, estimated that ninety nine percent of girls between the ages of 3 to 10 years old own at least one Barbie doll (Greenwald, 1996). Still, the number of real life women and girls who seek a similarly underweight body is epidemic, and they can suffer equally devastating health consequences (Gerber, 2010). Researchers report that womens magazines have more ads and articles promoting weight loss than mens magazines do, and over three-quarters of the covers of womens magazines include at least one message about how to change a womans bodily appearance through either diet, exercise or cosmetic surgery (Gerber, 2010). Television and movies reinforce the importance of a thin body as a measure of a womans worth. Canadian researcher, Gregory Fouts reports that over three-quarters of the female characters in TV situation comedies are underweight, and only one in twenty are above average in size. Heavier actresses tend to receive negative comments from male characters about their bodies and eighty percent of these negative comments are followed by canned audience laughter (Gerber, 2010). Billboards are one of the largest forms of advertisement. Advertisers tend to make these advertisements especially memorable so they dont go unnoticed. Sometimes, they overlook and take it too far. An example of this was a billboard advertising one of NBCs popular television shows, Friends. The billboard glamorized anorexia by picturing the three female stars of the show and beside them the phrase Cute anorexic chicks. The caption was originally meant to be looked at as a joke regarding the accusations towards the three women of having eating disorders and unhealthy exercise habits, which all of them denied. Although the billboard was removed immediately, it illustrated a spectrum of ads promoting harmful body ideals (Smith, 1999). What may really make a difference in this unhealthy trend are organizations that promote fighting back against the standards that the media presents. An organization that has helped do just that is the About-Face Organization. About-Face is a San Francisco based media literacy organization that concentrates on the effect of the mass media on the physical, mental, and emotional health of females. About-Face encourages personal activism against the thin body ideal. Since 1995 About-Face has been providing education and resources on this subject through research that indicates a relation between exposure to the idealized female in the media and the occurrence of eating disorders (About-Face, 1996). Another organization to promote positive body image is Dove. In 2004, Dove launched the very successful Campaign for Real Beauty which features real women, not models, advertising Doves products. The advertisement is composed of six women all with perfect skin, hair, and teeth. The only thing that is looked at as not perfect is their weight. The women within the Dove advertisement are supposed to portray real women instead of extremely thin models in in hopes to offset the unrealistically thin and unhealthy images associated with modeling and advertisements in an effort to widen the stereotype of beauty and boost sales in the process. The slogan real women have curves as well as the campaigns Web site, which features quotes from each of the Campaign for Real Beauty models, does a great job of capturing the overall message of real beauty (Dove, 2010) . The Campaign for Real Beauty has had a huge impact and response throughout the world. The six women in the U.S. ads are featured in national television spots, magazine advertisements, print advertisements and billboards in major urban markets in North America and similar campaign ads are being run throughout the world by Dove as well. The campaign and its influence on body image have been the topic of many newspapers and blogs, receiving mostly praise, but like any other media outlet, some criticism as well. Some question the legitimacy of real beauty messaging through commercial beauty products along with how the ads might affect women who still do not fit in with the portrayal of beauty in the Dove advertisements. Although the women are not touched up, the models in the series are still smaller than the average American woman at size 14. These women can be paid far less, but they can also break the sameness of advertising (Corbett, 2006). All of this attention is what Dove was really striving for in order to get the message across. According to a press release, Dove wants to make women feel more beautiful every day by challenging todays stereotypical view of beauty and inspiring women to take great care of themselves. The use of women of various ages, shapes and sizes is designed to provoke discussion and debate about todays typecast beauty images (Prior, 2004). According to a study conducted by Dove, only two percent of women describe themselves as beautiful. Sixty three percent strongly agree that society expects women to enhance their physical attractiveness. Forty five percent of women feel women who are more beautiful have greater opportunities in life. The study also looked at the degree in which mass media has played in portraying and communicating an unrealistic view of beauty. More than two thirds of women strongly agree that the media and advertising set an unrealistic standard of beauty that most women coul d not ever achieve. Women feel they are surrounded images unrealistic beauty. The majority wish female beauty was portrayed in the media as being made up of more than just physical attractiveness. Seventy five percent went on to say that they wish the media did a better job of portraying women of diverse physical attractiveness, including age, shape, and size (Dove, 2010). Other advertisers have also been departing from the idealistic body type. In the Just Do It campaign, Nike features muscular, disembodied thighs and butts, labeled Thunder Thighs and Big Butt. These advertisements are very important to understanding the media representation and body image of the direction that society will be heading. It is important to take action with the media and society like represented with the Dove campaign, in order to try and change the trend and get women to love being who they are, no matter what their size, and love the uniqueness of their own body (Corbett, 2006). Another media outlet that should not go unnoticed is the digital media. In todays society this plays a very important role. A great example of this is shown through Doves Evolution video. The video starts off with what appears to be a normal woman and is magically transformed into a beautiful supermodel and placed on a billboard. By using a computer, the womans face is geometrically changed and made to look perfectly proportioned. The video shows people that absolutely perfect faces and bodies are not only rare but nonexistent in many cases (Postrel, 2007). In Madrid, one of the many popular fashion capitals, thin models were banned from the runway in 2006. Spain has recently undergone a project with the aim to standardize clothing sizes through using a process in which a laser beam is used to measure real life womens bodies in order to find the most true to life measurement. This project is hoped to help fight the perception that thin equals beautiful. Milan has also jumped on the idea and also banned ultra thin models from fashion week in 2006 in hopes that models will start to become more healthy sizes (Woolls, 2008). Twenty years ago, the average model weighed eight percent less than the average woman. Todays models weigh twenty three percent less. Advertisers are convinced that thin models sell products and that thin is in. When the Australian magazine New Woman recently included a picture of a heavy-set model on its cover, there was an instant backlash of grateful readers praising the change. The advertisers were less then pleased however. They complained and the magazine soon returned to featuring bone-thin models. Advertising Age International concluded that the incident made clear the influence wielded by advertisers who remain convinced that only thin models spur the sales of beauty products (Gerber, 2010). Mainstream media representations also plays a role in reinforcing ideas about what it means to be a real man in our society. Most media sources portray male characters as rewarding for self-control and controlling of others, aggressive and violent, financially independent, and physically desirability. Although distorted body images have been known to affect women and girls, there is a growing awareness regarding the pressure for men and boys to appear more muscular. Many males are becoming more insecure about their physical appearance due to advertising and other media images that raise the standard and idealize well-built men. Advertising images have been accused of setting unrealistic ideals for males, and men and boys are beginning to risk their health to achieve the well-built media standard (Eating disorders: Body image and advertising, 2008). Another issue is the representation of ethnically diverse women in the media. A 2008 study conducted by Juanita Covert and Travis Dixon titled A Changing View: Representation and Effects of the Portrayal of Women of Color in Mainstream Womens Magazines found that although there was an increase in the representation of women of color, overall white women were overrepresented in mainstream womens magazines from 1999 to 2004. An experiment was designed to view the effects of counter stereotypical portrayals on readers. The research showed that exposure to articles featuring counter stereotypical depictions of women of color tended to evaluate the occupational expectations of women of color among white readers but not people of color (Covert, 2008). In article on African American women and beauty ideals, it is stated that Black women are less vulnerable than white women to reacting negatively is they dont match the ideals pervading prime-time television shows and magazines, according to studies (Smith, 2004). African American women pay little attention to thin images of white women and have better body images than white women, though heavier and unhealthier. African American women have disregarded the idea of thin, pretty white woman as unattainable for themselves and as unimportant to others in the black community (Smith, 2004). It is also found in research that black women were less likely to exhibit signs of bulimia (Smith, 2004). When you think of sexy black women in the media, many would instantly think of Beyonce, Rihanna, or Tyra Banks. However, some would argue that though they are ethnically black, they are whiteified. Their hair has been dyed blonde, straightened hair, and even skin lightened. This is sending a negative message to the darker skinned African American women that they are not beautiful (How the media destroys black beauty, 2010). Some other examples of media sources lighting the skin of African American celebrities by using Photoshop and special lighting techniques is recently shown in Gabourey Sidibes Elle 25th Anniversary Cover. Though the magazine denies the accusations, this is not the first time this has been brought to everyones attention (Everett, 2010). Beyonce Knowles has also been represented several skin shades darker in her LOreal Paris magazine advertisements. Even after the company made a statement claiming this was untrue, many find this hard to believe (Guardian News Media , 2008). Other celebrities to undergo the supposed Photoshop skin lightening include OJ Simpson, Mariah Carey, and even President Obama. The message that media gives about thinness, dieting and beauty tells ordinary women that they are always in need of adjustment. The female body is looked at as an object to be perfected (Gerber, 2010). Jean Kilbourne argues that the overwhelming presence of media images of painfully thin women means that real womens bodies have become invisible in the mass media. This statement implies that the constant exposure of images and texts suggests the idea that the thinner a woman is, the better she is. This has a strong influence on women which then contributes to eating disorders and low self esteem issues. Kilbourne concludes that many women internalize these stereotypes and therefore judge themselves by the beauty industrys standards (Kilbourne, 2010). Some may blame society for accepting negative representation of media. However, it is going to take the media to make a change through better marketing choices and a better view of body image and self-esteem. We are bombarded with images of perfect women and men everyday, whether it is on our favorite television shows, movies, magazines and music. The majority of the women are tall, thin and beautiful and the men are muscular, tanned and seductive. People who do not fall within this media induced norm are left without models to look up to. Instead, they give in to the cosmetic and diet product industry and try to alter their bodies to what they have been told is beautiful. Adolescent girls and boys are constantly striving to acquire an unattainable physique. Across the nation, millions of teens struggle with eating disorders and borderline conditions. With the help of Organizations like the About-Face Organization and programs like the Doves Campaign for Real Beauty, body image can s oon be embraced by men and women of all ages, sizes, and skin color. Work Cited Advertising: Its Everywhere. Media Awareness Network. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Body Image and the Media. The Canadian Womens Health Network. 2005. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Clark, L. and Tiggemann, M. (2006), Appearance Culture in Nine- to 12-Year-Old Girls: Media and Peer Influences on Body Dissatisfaction. Social Development, 15:Ã 628-643. Cummings, By Laura. BBC NEWS The Diet Business: Banking on Failure. BBC News Home. 5 Feb. 2003. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Campaign for Real Beauty. Dove. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Corbett, Rachel. Doves Larger Models Spur Sales and Attention. Womens ENews. 29 Jan. 2006. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Covert, J. J., and T. L. Dixon. A Changing View: Representation and Effects of the Portrayal of Women of Color in Mainstream Womens Magazines. Communication Research 35.2 (2008): 232-56. Eating Disorders: Body Image and Advertising HealthyPlace. HealthyPlace.com. 11 Dec. 2008. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Everett, Cristina. Elle Magazine Accused of Digitally Lightening Gabourey Sidibes Skin on October Cover. NY Daily News. 17 Sept. 2010. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Gerber, Robin. Beauty and Body Image in the Media. Media Awareness Network. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Guadian News Media. LOreal Denies whitening Beyonce Knowles Skin in Cosmetics Ad. Buzzle Web Portal. 8 Aug. 2008. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Gibbons, Sheila. Teen Magazines Send Girls All the Wrong Messages. Womens ENews. 29 Oct. 2003. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Greenwald, John, Valerie Marchant, and Jacqueline Savaiano. BARBIE BOOTS UP TIME. TIME.com. 11 Nov. 1996. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . How The Media Destroys Black Beauty | Socyberty. Socyberty: Society on the Web. 24 Oct. 2010. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Kilbourne, Jean. Beautyand the Beast of Advertising. Center for Media Literacy. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Kilbourne, Jean. Cant Buy My Love: How Advertising Changes the Way We Think and Feel. New York: Simon Schuster, 1999. National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Postrel, Virginia. The Truth about Beauty. The Atlantic (2007): 1-3. Prior, Molly. Dove Ad Campaign Aims to Redefine Beauty Womens Wear Daily, October 8, 2004. Smith, Dakota. Black Women Ignore Many of Medias Beauty Ideals. Womens ENews. 10 June 2004. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Smith, Katie. Effect of the Media on Eating Disorders. Effect of the Media on Eating Disorders. 23 Nov. 1999. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. . Woolls, Daniel. Spain to Make Clothes for Real Women. USATODAY.com. 7 Feb. 2008. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. .
Sunday, January 19, 2020
Krakatau (Krakatoa) is said to have created the worst volcanic eruptions in history in May 1883. Ancient Krakatoa formed in 419 AD and still exists today in Indonesia. That explosion in 1883 created 130 foot tsnamis which affects were felt by north and south America all along the Sundra Strait even as far as England ,it also destroyed 130 coastal homes, two ports (Indonesia and Australia) , killed about 36,000 people and formed a volcanic ash cloud that reached 17 miles high encasing the earth within 3 days. The eruption created very load explosions and was heard 3,000 miles from Java. Some people even believe the drop in temperature and spectacular sunsets over the next three years were directly caused by the eruption. Krakatoa erupted many times over its lifetime but the most historic and dangerous eruption occured on August 27 1883 when the volcano literally Ã¢â¬Å"blew itself to bitsÃ¢â¬ destroying 75% of itself along with many people and animals living near coastlines of Australia and Indonesia. In 1988 Krakatoa erupted again in February and continued erupting through to March 16 which was when small lava flows were reported flowing from the crater, it then continued through to April with continuous explosions and plumes of fire. November 12 1992 Krakatoa erupted again with such intensity it caused lava bombs to shoot out over the north coast and had lava flowing into the sea. In 1883 the eruption lasted from August 23 to 27,in 1988 explosive eruptions lasted February through to April and in 1992 the eruptions lasted the longest from 7 November 1992 through to August 14 1993. The 1992 eruption caused lava flows up to 1 kilometer to the north adding 100 meters to the coastline. New vents have formed due to the eruptions and these in turn have led to the creation of a new volcanic island which is known as Anuk Krakatoa (Ã¢â¬Å"child of KrakatoaÃ¢â¬ ) the island is active and grows approximately 13cm each week. Krakatoa is still grumbling away today ready to explode, in fact the last eruption was in 2001. This concludes that it is still active and likely to Ã¢â¬Å"blow it's top offÃ¢â¬ anytime.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
In this experiment, we aim to provide an understanding about the concepts of adaptation through a series of tests. This involves using our different senses to perceive changes in an environment, and how weÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to adapt to these changes. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the first experiment, the sense that we are going to use is the sense of taste. Through this test, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll determine how we adapt to changes in what we taste or basically what we eat. By mixing sugar into water, we create a sweet substance which weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to use for the taste test. We also need fresh water in order to tell any differences afterwards. What I did was to take a sip of sugar water and let it stay in my mouth for some time, until it tastes less sweet. It took several seconds until it tasted less sweet, and afterwards I took a sip from the cup containing fresh water. The surprising part was that the fresh water tasted doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have any taste in it at all. I know water supposedly has no taste, but with the experiment, it tasted stale. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the next test, the sense that will be used is our tactile sense, mainly the skinÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of temperature. Through this test, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll determine how we adopt to the changes of temperature in our environment. We prepare three bowls with tap water of varying temperature. One is hot (but not painfully so), another is very cold, and the other is a mixture of the hot and cold tap water. What I did was to submerge my left hand in the hot tap water and my right hand on the cold tap water. I let it stay there for three minutes, and afterwards I placed both my hands in the bowl containing the mixture of hot and cold tap water. I took not of what I felt in the experiment. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Upon placing my both my hands in the mixture of water, I noticed that my left (which was previously submerged on the hot one) felt cold until it slowly changes back to the temperature of the water mixture. Same goes for my right hand, which felt warm when I submerged it in the mixture until it slowly changed back to the temperature of the water mixture. The skinÃ¢â¬â¢s receptor was not able to perceive any changes in the temperature in the water. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The final test was again on the tactile sense, wherein we have to rub our index finger into a sand paper and rate its coarseness from 1 to 7, where 1 is very soft, and 7 is very coarse. When I rubbed my index finger to the sandpaper, my initial rating was that itÃ¢â¬â¢s 7, since I felt that it was very coarse to touch. When I rubbed my index finger on the sand paper for a second time, it felt a little different. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s as if it lost its coarseness a bit. I gave it a rating of 5. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Basing on the experiment, adaptation can be defined as the loss of sensitivity of a receptor due to prolonged stimulation of it. Because of this, it would require a stronger stimulus in order to further activate it. Adaptation is defined as a positive characteristic of an organism that has been favoured by natural selection, since they are able to live successfully in an environment. This enables living organisms to cope with environmental stresses and pressures, something which could result from the body structure, the organismÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour, or its physiology (EPA.gov, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Adaptation is evident in each of the results of the experiments. On the first experiment on water sugar, there was a sour aftertaste when I sipped fresh water. This could be because sour taste neutralizes the sweet taste so when we sipped sugar water and swished it all over our mouth, we psychologically perceive that there is a sour taste in order to neutralize the sweet taste in our mouths. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã On the second experiment on waters with different temperatures, we experience adaptation by being able to keep a constant body temperature. When we have our hands submerged in both hot and cold water and then submerge it to a mixture of cold and hot water. Our body tends to maintain a constant body temperature, so when it was from the hot water and then submerging it to the mixture, it would surely feel cold at first until we get used to the temperature. Same goes with the cold water, wherein when we submerge it to the mixture it would feel warm until it gets used to the temperature of the mixture. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã On the third experiment, we experience adaptation at the tactile sensory level, wherein we tend to get used to the feel of the coarse sand paper, that when we rub at it again, it feels a little less coarse. This is adaptation in a sense that our body or our perception of the coarse texture of the sand paper is gradually being changed to a state wherein we wonÃ¢â¬â¢t feel uncomfortable in rubbing against it. As we feel that it is a little less coarse, then we are able to cope with its coarse texture. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã We can associate this with the theory of adaptation by Lamarck, where organisms inherit the traits which are necessary for them to survive. Those who inherit this trait are able to continue to live, while those who donÃ¢â¬â¢t tend to perish. Because of this, the organisms who continue to exist are the ones who were able to get traits which would enable them to adapt to the world they live in. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In an evolutionary perspective, adaptation is really important because those who are able to adapt will be the ones to survive and continue to exist. This will result to organism who posses traits which are important for them to live in their environment. As the time continues to change the surroundings, only those who are able to cope with these changes will be the ones left to live. Those who are not fit enough to adapt to these changes will surely perish. Those who successfully adapts would lead to the creation of a better species. Reference: EPA.gov. (2007). Adaptation.Ã Ã Retrieved February 24, 2008, from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/effects/adaptation.html
Friday, January 3, 2020
In both works by Chaucer and Shakespeare, there are two themes that seems to appear. The themes that appear are love and duty. These themes I think are seen more clearly that the other themes that appear in either of their works. In The MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale, there is something in it that relates to the theme of love. John shows real true love because he tries everything to save Alisoun. In The ClerkÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale, it talks about a character named Walter who tries to fulfill his duty but failed. In Shakespeare s play, King Lear, it shows both love and duty. It shows love because Kent stayed with King Lear and he would die than live without him. Cordelia following her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s orders and does what she is told because she loves her father. King Lear has aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In King Lear, King Lear tells his daughters to profess their love to him and all the daughters agree but Cordelia speaks up and say that her sisters, Goneril and Regan, are being disloyal: CORDELIA. Good my lord, You have begot me, bred me, loved me. I return those duties back as are right fit: Obey you, love you, and most honor you. Why have my sisters husbands if they say They all love you? Haply, when I shall wed, That lord whose hand must take my plight shall carry Half my love with him, half my care and duty. Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters, To love my father all. (1.1. 105-115) Cordelia is being very loyal to her father and his requests while her sisters are being disloyal. Even though she was honest and did her duties as a daughter he still disowned her out of the rage he felt. In The MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale John was the only person in the poem to show Alisoun that he truly loves her when she was dying: This carpenter answerde, Ã¢â¬ËAlla, my wyf! And shal she drenche? allas, myn Alisoun!Ã¢â¬â¢ For sorwe of this he fil almost adoun And seyde, Ã¢â¬ËIs ther no remedie in this cas?Ã¢â¬â¢ (419-422) He really loves her and he will do anything to save her from dying. In King Lear, Kent is very loyal to King Lear because he loved him as a king, a father, a patron, and a master. Even though there were risksShow MoreRelatedWilliam Shakespeare s King Lear1059 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Overturning Roles in King Lear In King Lear, Traditional roles, such as nobility, gender, and social status, are all usurped or attempted to be overturned during at least one occasion in King Lear. To illustrate, noble roles become overturned when King Lear lessened himself as a king to upgrade two of his daughters, Goneril and Regan, to a higher power of authority. In contrast, he ended up in jail with Cordelia instead of regaining his position back as king. Gender Roles are overturned when theRead More The Importance of the Earl of Kent in Shakespeares King Lear1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Importance of the Earl of Kent in King Lear Ã Ã The Earl of Kent plays a small but important part in Shakespeares play King Lear. 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